Original title: IQ met beperkingen
Demand for care for people with intellectual disabilities has grown sharply in the Netherlands in recent years. Earlier reports by the Netherlands Institute for Social Research/SCP have described the number of persons with intellectual disabilities who apply for care. Partly at the request of the Dutch Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport, the analyses in this report have been extended to include data on the IQ of persons with intellectual disabilities who have been assessed with a care need. The demand for intellectual disability care funded centrally through the Exceptional Medical Expenses Act (AWBZ) grew by an average of 7% per annum between 1998 and 2009. The number of persons with severe intellectual disabilities (IQ < 50) remained virtually constant over this period. The number of persons with a mild intellectual disability (an IQ of between 50 and 70) with a need for care showed the biggest increase, followed at some distance by those with a borderline intellectual disability (IQ between 70 and 85). This latter group has shown the strongest growth in relative terms. The growth of both these groups has weakened slightly in recent years, while the demand for care is growing more strongly among young people (aged up to 22 years) than among older persons. This provides support for earlier conclusions that it is mainly the young who are driving the growth; the rise in demand for intellectual disability care can be attributed mainly to young people with borderline and mild intellectual disabilities.