Original title: Vermaatschappelijking in de zorg.
For several decades, government policy for people with long-term impairments has been dominated by efforts to enable them to live independently and participate in society. This process, referred to as 'socialisation', requires changes to be made to both policy and the available provisions.
Socialisation of care has been on the agenda for long enough for it to become clear that the necessary changes will not be simple to achieve. This report describes a survey carried out in five municipalities to determine the factors that foster and impede socialisation.
A series of interviews was conducted for the survey, in which representatives of local authorities, organisations active in the fields of care, housing, work and welfare and client organisations were asked about their activities, their experiences and their expectations with regard to socialisation.
It emerged from the interviews that a great deal is being done to promote the independence of people with impairments. One problem is that it is difficult to coordinate provisions, partly because of existing regulations. Difficulties are also encountered with prejudice and resistance among the population. As a result, the expectations for the future of socialisation are not universally positive.
The recently announced Social Support Act (WMO) is also discussed in this report. This Act could become an important tool in achieving socialisation of care. The experiences gained in this survey could contribute to making optimum use of that tool.