Profit from the government
Original title: Voorzieningen verdeeld
Citizens ‘profit’ from the government when they receive income support because they are unable to generate an income themselves. They also profit when they make use of provisions such as care, support, education, public transport, sport, culture and recreation, and when they rent or buy a house. Naturally, all these provisions and services have to be paid for, and citizens therefore pay taxes and premiums as well as co-payments for some provisions and services. Some citizens receive more transfers from the government than they pay in taxes and premiums; they derive a net profit from the government. Others pay in more than they receive, and consequently experience a net ‘loss’ from the government.
Who receives a profit from the government and who suffers a loss? Are they citizens with a low income, a high income, or those on middle incomes? Or is the profit evenly distributed across the different income groups? Are there other factors that influence the distribution of profit from the government? This report answers these questions on the basis of administrative and survey data from 2014.